الأمن المعلوماتي واختبار الاختراقتقنيةتكنولوجيامعلوميات

كيفاش نخدم نظام Linux وانا كنخدم بالويندوز؟ واش يمكن نخدمو كنظام وهمي واخا عندي البيسي بإمكانيات ضعيفة؟

صباح الخير لافافا وبداية اسبوع موفقة..غانجاوبكم على هاد الاسئلة فهاد المقال لي غايكون مخصص للبرنامج الغني عن التعريف Vmware
✔️أشنو هو Vmware ؟؟
هو ببساطة برنامج كيخدم الانظمة الوهمية او الافتراضة فالبيسي ديالك، سوا Windows او Linux او android ولا اي نظام اخر تقدر تخدمو كنظام وهمي بلا مضر لبيسي ديالك فوالو..
هاد البرنامج فيه بزاف ديال الاصدارات من الاصدار الاول 6 الى الاصدار 12 وكملاحظة الاصدار 11 و11 مكيخدموش فالبيسي لي عندو os 32 bit تقد تخدم بالاصدار 9 حتا هو ناضي..
دبا ندوزو لنظام Linux :
✔️ الينكس ولا من اكثر الانظمة لي كيخدمو بها حيت عندو شهرة واسعة فالمجتمع لي كيهتم بالحماية والخصوصية وهو نظام كامل ديال الاختراق، واحسن حاجة فيه أنه مفتوح المصدر.
لي خاص يعرف بنادم أنه فيه بزاف ديال توزيعات مختالفين، وكل توزيعة باش كتميز، وغانهضر ليكم ليوم على وحدة من اشهر واقوى التوزيعات ولي هي كالي لينكس..
باش كتميز هاد توزيعة هي أنها تبنات خصيصا للامن المعلوماتي وفيها ديجا ادوات الpentesting security او اختبار الاختراق
وأهم هاد الادوات كاين :
nmap : أداة متخصصة فالports scaning
jhone the ripper : مختصة فكسر كلمات المرور
وزيد بزاف كmetasploit وhydra …
دبا درنا تقديم على الvmware والLinux جا لوقت باش نجاوبو على اهم سؤال ولي هو بحالاش نخدم الkali linux أو اي نسخة كنظام وهمي واخا عندي الويندوز بمؤهلات متوسطة بواسطة برنامج Vmware ؟؟
✔️ أول حاجة غادير هي غادخل برنامج Vmware وهنا غادخل الموقع الرسمي ديالهم
www.vmware*com
ودخل من بعد الdownloads وختار النسخة لي بغيتي ودخلها.. من بعد غاتآنسطاليه بحال اي برنامج بنفس الخطوات
✔️ثاني خطوة هي غادخل الكالي لينكس أيضا غاتمشي لسيت رسمي ديالهم مكاين محسن منو هاهو
www.kali*org
ودخل الdownloads وختار النظام على حسب واش عندك 32 او 64 كملاحظة كليكو على فيه بين قوسين installer
✔️ دبا غانمشة لطريقة التشغيل:
غادخل لبرنامج Vmware من بعد مغاتأنسطاليه، أول حاجة غاتلقا 3 الخيارات لي هما
Create a new virtual machine
Open a virtual machine
حنا عاد غانكريو النظام الوهمي اذن غاتكليكي على create a new virtual machine
من بعد غايطلع لك خيار واش تآنسطاليه فديسك d ولا اي ديسك اخر أو الخيار ثاني لي هو غاتآنسطاليه من بعد يعني باغي نخدموه غاكنظام وهمي وصافي، وهدا هو لي غاتختار سميتو I will install os latter
من بعد غايطلع لك ربعة الانظمة اينا واحد فيهم باغي تخدم نتا غاتكليكي على لينكس
ولتحت غايطلبو منك الفيرسيون نتا كليكي على kali linux 64 او 32 لي عندك
من بعد غايطلبو من لبلاصة فين باغي تخلي نظام ويستحسن يكون ديسك d الا كان فيه المساحة بزاف
وهنا غايجو شي اعدادات موراها نتا لي عندك الحرية تختارهم على حسب الإرادة ديالك ولي هما تختار المساحة والram والبروسيسور يعني شحال باغي تعطي للنظام الوهمي، ويستحسن تكون فوق 20 جيغا فلمساحة و2 جيغا فما فوق بالنسبة للرام
من بعد فاش غاتسالي الاختيارات، هنا غاطلع ليك use ISO image file
وهادي هي أهم مرحلة غاتكليكي على browse لي حداها، وهنا فين غانمشو لداك لملف ديال الكالي لينكس لي شارجينا فلول ونضغطو عليه ونديروclose
وديك ساعة لابغيتي ترجع وتبدل الاختيارات بحال كمية المساحة ورام الخ يمكن تبدلهم، من بعد فاش غاتسالي هادشي غادير Finish وهنا غاتكون كملتي وخدمتي نظام كالي لينكس كنظام وهمي
كيفاش ندخل ليه دبا؟؟
ساهل معليك الا تكليكي على power on this virtual machine أو واحد المثلث اخضر لفوق..
من بعد هانتا دخلتي لكالي لينكس أول مرة، غايعطوك شي خيارات بصفتك اول مرة غاتخدمو واول حاجة كليكي عليها هي graphical installer من بعد صافي غاتختار لغة إنجليزية حسن
وغايطلع ليك تختار سمية للنظام وتكريي كلمة المرور
وهانتا مبروك عليك النظام خدام
وكل مرة غاتخرج من برنامج Vmware ودخل غاتكليكي على play on this virtual machine وغادخل كلمة المرور لي درتي للكالي لينكس وهانتا خدام عادي..

تقييم المستخدمون: 4.78 ( 2 أصوات)

مقالات ذات صلة

‫234 تعليقات

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