فن وثقافة

تعرف بإختصار على قصة كاتبة سلسلة كتب “هاري بوتر” الشهيرة

المؤلفة و المحسنة جوان رولينغ ، صاحبة سلسلة كتب “هاري بوتر” الشهيرة التي حصلت على جوائز عظيمة و أصبحت أكثر سلسلة كتب مبيعا في التاريخ.

ولدت رولينج في ياتي ، جلوسيسترشاير ، بإنجلترا ، وكانت تعمل باحثة وسكرتيرة ثنائية اللغة لمنظمة العفو الدولية عندما تصورت فكرة سلسلة هاري بوتر أثناء وجودها في قطار متأخر من مانشستر إلى لندن في عام 1990.

وشهدت فترة السبع سنوات التي تلت وفاة والدتها ، وولادة طفلها الأول ، والطلاق من زوجها الأول ، والفقر النسبي حتى صدرت الرواية الأولى في السلسلة ، هاري بوتر وحجر الفيلسوف ، في عام 1997.

ج. تعرف رولينج شيئًا أو شيئين عن الشدائد. جاءت مؤلفة أكثر الكتب شعبية في التاريخ من الخلف ، حيث اجتازت المصاعب الشخصية الهائلة والفقر والاكتئاب في طريقها لتصبح مصدر إلهام لها اليوم.

كتبت رولينج الجزء الأول من سلسلة هاري بوتر بينما كانت حياتها في الحضيض. كانت وفاة والدتها حدثًا صادمًا بالنسبة لها ، وانهار زواجها قصير العمر بشكل استثنائي. كانت عاطلة عن العمل ، وهي أم عازبة تكافح اكتئابًا سريريًا حادًا – تفكر في الانتحار في وقت ما – وتحاول تربية طفل على مزايا الرعاية الاجتماعية الحكومية البالغة 68 جنيهًا إسترلينيًا في الأسبوع (حوالي 90 دولارًا أمريكيًا في ذلك الوقت).

كانت ، على حد تعبيرها ، “فقيرة قدر الإمكان في بريطانيا الحديثة ، دون أن تكون بلا مأوى” ، وشعرت بالفشل الملحمي على كل المستويات ، وتعيش جنبًا إلى جنب دون أي تلميح من الضوء في نهاية النفق.

استغرق الأمر من رولينغ خمس سنوات طويلة وشاقة من الكتابة واستعراضًا للرفض من عشرات الناشرين المختلفين ، لكن المؤلف الطموح ثابر – وانتصر في النهاية. نشرته بلومزبري في يونيو 1997 ، انفجر هاري بوتر وحجر الفيلسوف على الفور تقريبًا في ضجة عالمية.

بعد ذلك بسبعة تتابعات ، حطمت سلسلة هاري بوتر الأرقام القياسية ، حيث بيعت 500 مليون نسخة بـ 78 لغة حول العالم ، وأنتجت ثمانية أفلام متقنة ، وألهمت جيلًا من القراء الشباب من جميع أنحاء العالم.

انتقلت رولينج من كونها تتمتع بالرفاهية إلى كونها مليونيرة في غضون خمس سنوات – وربما كان أكثر ما يلهمها هو ما فعلته بثروتها المكتشفة حديثًا. لم تنس رولينغ أبدًا من أين أتت ، وقد تبرعت بمئات الملايين من الدولارات للجمعيات الخيرية نتيجة لذلك ، ودعمت بنشاط أكثر من اثنتي عشرة منظمة ، وأنشأت مؤسسة أطفالها ، لوموس ، في عام 2005.

تقييم المستخدمون: كن أول المصوتون !

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